Motorcycles are involved in less than 2 percent of crashes in Indiana but make up nearly 13 percent of all of the state’s traffic deaths.
That’s one of the numbers now available in the new Indiana Criminal Justice Institute and Indiana University Public Policy Institute’s 2018 Motorcycle Crash Fact Sheet, available at www.in.gov/cji/files/Crash_Facts_Motorcycles2018.pdf.
This comes in May, Motorcycle Safety Awareness Month, as the ICJI partners with Indiana motorcycle groups to remind all motorists: “Share the Road.”
Motorcycle crashes – and resulting injuries and deaths – have all declined over the past five years. Motorcycle deaths have fluctuated from a low of 100 in 2016, a high of 147 in 2017 to 112 in 2018.
In 2018, 55 percent of motorcycle crashes involved another vehicle while 45 percent were single-motorcycle crashes. Motorcycle operators age 21-44 were more likely to be involved in multiple-vehicle crashes while younger and older bikers were more likely to be involved in single-motorcycle crashes.
Among multiple-vehicle crashes, the biker was at fault in 40 percent of the time while the other driver was at fault for 58 percent:
The top unsafe actions motorcycle operators can avoid are following too closely, unsafe speed, improper passing and disregarding a signal or sign.
Top unsafe actions other vehicles can avoid are failure to yield right of way, unsafe backing and improper turning.
Get legal, get licensed
One of the best ways to avoid a motorcycle crash is to prepare for and pass the Bureau of Motor Vehicles motorcycle skills and riding test or to successfully complete an approved motorcycle safety course. More information is at www.RideSafeIndiana.com.
According to the BMV, many more Indiana drivers (415,945) choose to obtain or keep a motorcycle endorsement on their license than there are registered motorcycles (230,107). But more than half of motorcycle operators who crashed in 2018 did not have a driver’s license or a motorcycle endorsement.
In Indiana, motorcyclists age 18 or younger and those with a motorcycle learner’s permit are required to wear a helmet. Motorcyclists of all ages and abilities are less likely to be killed or injured if they wear helmets.
Helmet use rates are lower in crashes involving injuries and deaths and among motorcyclists ages 35-64. Men make up 85 percent of motorcyclists in crashes but wear helmets at higher rates than females.
For Motorcycle Safety Awareness Month, all drivers are urged to “Get Up to Speed on Motorcycles” as they operate differently than other vehicles. Here are simple things all drivers can do:
• Look twice for motorcycles at intersections. It is harder to judge a motorcycle’s speed and distance due to its small size.
• Use a turn signal and check mirrors twice before changing lanes or merging with traffic. Almost 40 percent of a car is covered with blind spots.
• Allow more following distance. Motorcyclists may stop quicker than expected.
• Allow motorcycles the full lane width as they have the same right of way as any other vehicle.
• Never drive distracted or impaired.