News From Terre Haute, Indiana

Local & Bistate

February 13, 2014

No new mumps cases reported in Vigo County

Rose-Hulman student only confirmed case so far

TERRE HAUTE — No new cases of mumps have been reported to the Vigo County Health Department since the recent diagnosis of a student at Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology.

“We have had no new cases reported,” environmental health specialist Travella Myers of the Vigo County Health Department said on Thursday afternoon.

Mary Barr, vice president of communications and marketing at Rose-Hulman, said Wednesday that two suspected cases of mumps at that school turned out not to be the childhood illness.

On Tuesday, the county health department announced that a case of mumps had been diagnosed, and at least six “probable cases” had been confirmed.

The reports under investigation range in age from 17 to 50, most individuals involved report having received age-appropriate vaccinations. Health officials made the following recommendations, based on information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College Health Association:

• People born before 1957 are considered immune to mumps because exposure to the disease was common when they were young. Those born during or after 1957 should check to see if they have had two MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) immunizations or have had mumps.

• Anyone who has not been immunized with two doses of MMR and has not had mumps should contact a health care practitioner for appropriate immunization.

• The vaccine is not 100 percent effective, so some cases might occur in people who have been vaccinated. The effectiveness of the MMR vaccine is 80 percent after one dose and 90 percent after the second dose, health officials say.

Mumps, which is a viral infection, typically starts with a few days of fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness and loss of appetite. After that, symptoms include salivary gland swelling, in one or both glands. Symptoms typically appear 16 to 18 days after infection, but this period can range from 12 to 25 days after infection.

There is no cure or specific treatment for mumps, but bed rest, fluid intake and fever reduction are recommended to reduce symptoms. Most mumps transmission likely occurs before the salivary glands begin to swell and within the five days after the swelling begins, doctors say. Therefore, health officials recommend isolating mumps patients for five days after their glands begin to swell.  

For more information, contact a family doctor or call the Vigo County Health Department at 812-462-3431.

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