TERRE HAUTE —
After Indiana received a cut of the 1998 multi-billion settlement from the tobacco industry intended to pay for public health initiatives, the state legislature tapped into the money to pay for a host of non-health related expenditures.
Legislators likely won’t be able to do that with Indiana’s cut of this year’s multi-billion dollar settlement with mortgage lenders accused of fraud.
A $28.8 million slice of the mortgage fraud settlement fund will go into a specially designated pot of money to help low-income Hoosier homeowners pay off their utility bills.
That pot of money, expected to be doled out in $4 million increments over the next seven or eight years, can’t be used for anything else, under legislation signed into law last week by Indiana Gov. Mitch Daniels.
Supporters of the new law say low-income homeowners who were most at-risk of being foreclosed on by their mortgage lenders are also the most likely to have difficulty paying their utility bills.
“The mortgage lending institutions that preyed upon borrowers and engaged in illegal practices are paying millions of dollars in settlement money to Indiana,” said state Attorney General Greg Zoeller at a news conference Tuesday. “The Legislature wisely channeled this flow of dollars into a fund where at-risk homeowners can be helped.”
Zoeller was one of 49 state attorneys general who negotiated a $25 billion settlement with five major mortgage lending banks accused of engaging in illegal “robo-signing” of foreclosure documents. That settlement, announced in February, set aside about $100 million in direct assistance for Indiana homeowners who lost their homes through foreclosure or are at-risk for doing so.
Another $45 million was directed to the State of Indiana. About $15 million will go to the Attorney General’s office to expand efforts to prevent mortgage foreclosure. And the rest — about $28.8 million — will go to boost funding of the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program, known as LIHEAP.
Rep. Ed Clere, a New Albany Republican who worked with Rep. Peggy Welch, a Bloomington Democrat, to help pass the bill said the decision to use some of the mortgage-fraud settlement funds to help struggling families pay their utility bills is a good one.
Clere said that while the economy is recovering from its worst days, the threat of mortgage foreclosure still exists for many. “There are still many Hoosier households struggling,” Clere said.
The legislation came about as a solution to a difficult problem: Indiana’s share of the federally funded LIHEAP program shrank from about $100 million to about $82 million last year. That meant the low-income families who were eligible for the assistance received a smaller portion of funds to help pay their utility bills. The average amount of assistance dropped from about $378 per household in 2011 to $225 in 2012.
Welch initially filed legislation that would exempt LIHEAP recipients from having to pay the state’s 7 percent sales tax tacked on to utility bills. That would have resulted in the loss of about $4 million in tax revenues to the state.
So Sen. Luke Kenley, an influential Republican member of the State Budget Committee, proposed another idea: Use some of the mortgage fraud settlement fund set aside for the state to boost the declining LIHEAP funding. Kenley also wanted to set up a separate trust fund for the money, so it couldn’t be used for other purposes, as several states are currently doing.
Welch praised the idea as the kind of “creative solution” that doesn’t often come out of the legislature.
The Indiana Community Housing Authority will determine whether the new money will be used to help more families or give the families who now receive assistance more help. About 160,000 low-income Hoosiers benefitted from the program last year.
Maureen Hayden is the Indiana Statehouse bureau chief for CNHI, the parent company of the Tribune-Star. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.