News From Terre Haute, Indiana

History

May 17, 2014

GENEALOGY: Deciphering the writing on the headstone, Part III

This week’s column is the third in a series alphabetically listing gravestone symbols that indicate the person was a member of some kind of organization.

The initials FLT inside of three chain links stands for “Friendship, Love, and Truth,” and is the motto of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows (IOOF), a fraternal and philanthropic society founded in the United States in 1819. The historical roots of the society go back even further, into 18th century England.

The letters GAR stand for the Grand Army of the Republic, a fraternal organization that was made up of Union veterans of the Civil War. These initials in a star can be found associated with the burials of many of the old Union veterans. As the group aged and died out, other groups grew out of the GAR. One is the Women’s Relief Corps, the official women’s auxiliary to the GAR, whose symbol is a Maltese cross. The initials FCL are associated with this society, signifying their motto “Fraternity, Charity, and Loyalty.” Another offshoot of the GAR was the Sons of Veterans of the United States of America (SV), founded in 1881. Their name was changed to the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (SUVCH) in 1925. A metal shield with a camp number and the initials SV indicate a person who was a member.

The Independent Order of Mechanics was a fraternal organization founded in 1888 and has roots going back to 1757 in England. Their symbols include an arc, a ladder and the initials IOM.

The Order of American Mechanics was an anti-Catholic, anti-alien organization founded in Philadelphia in the mid-1840s. The society’s goal was to promote “American” business and to oppose the hiring of cheap foreign (primarily German) immigrant labor. An outgrowth of the group was the Junior OUAM, its youth auxiliary, created in 1853. The Junior OUAM actually became an adult group in 1881. The JOUAM eventually dropped its nativist viewpoint and provided insurance benefits to its members. It continued to remain anti-Catholic. The female auxiliary was the Daughters of Liberty, created in 1875. The organization’s symbolism was very similar to that of the freemasons — a shield surrounding a compass and square with a muscular arm raising a hammer inside.

The United States Junior Chamber of Commerce, commonly called the Jaycees, is a not-for-profit organization for individuals between the ages of 18 and 40 which focuses on civic and leadership training and community service. It was established in 1920. Its image is a shield with a map of the United States inside, and the words “member of the United States Junior Chamber of Commerce.”

If you see a keystone with the letters HTWSSTKS on it, this indicates the grave of a Masonic Ancient Grand Master. The letters stand for “Hiram The Widow’s Son Sent To King Solomon.”

A shield over a cross formée, with the letters K of C along with a fasces, an anchor, and a dagger represents a member of the Knights of Columbus, a Catholic fraternal and service organization for men founded in 1881.

The Knights of the Maccabees was a fraternal organization founded in Ontario, Canada, in 1878, by members of the Order of Foresters. It spread to the United States, but was most active in the state of Michigan. The group provided low-cost insurance to its members. Its predominant symbol is a globe, with or without a tent in the middle, and the letters KOTM.

This list will be continued next week.

1
Text Only | Photo Reprints
History
Latest News
TribStar.com Poll
AP Video
Raw: 2 Shells Hit Fuel Tank at Gaza Power Plant US Ready to Slap New Sanctions on Russia Girl Struck by Plane on Florida Beach Dies Rodents Rampant in Gardens Around Louvre Raw: Massive Explosions From Airstrikes in Gaza Boater Rescued From Edge of Kentucky Dam Kerry: Not Worried About Israeli Criticism Raw: NH Man Held on $1M in Teen's Kidnapping Looming Demand Could Undercut Flight Safety Raw: Earthquake Rocks Mexico's Gulf Coast Two Women Narrowly Avoid Being Hit by Train Giant Ketchup Bottle Water Tower Up for Sale House to Vote on Slimmed-down Bill for Border Jury Awards Ventura $1.8M in Defamation Case Gaza Official: at Least 100 Killed Tuesday Crayola Announces Family Attraction in Orlando Easier Nuclear Construction Promises Fall Short Raw: Aftermath, Artillery Shells Hit Donetsk Kerry: Humanitarian Cease-fire Efforts Continue Judge OKs Record-setting $2B Sale of Clipper
NDN Video
Weird 'Wakudoki' Dance Launches Promotional Competition Two women barely avoid being hit by train Chris Pratt Adorably Surprises Kids at a 'Guardians of the Galaxy' Screening Chapter Two: Designing for Naomi Watts NOW TRENDING: Peyton Manning dancing at practice "The Bachelorette" Makes Her Decision Thieves pick the wrong gas station to rob Golden Sisters on '50 Shades' trailer: 'Look At That Chest!' Staten Island Man's Emotional Dunk Over NYPD Car - @TheBuzzeronFOX GMA: Dog passes out from excitment to see owner Baseball Hall of Famers Inducted 'Hunger Games: Mockingjay Part 1' Sneak Peek Florida Keys Webcam Captures Turtles Hatching Morgan Freeman Sucks Down Helium on 'Tonight Show' Robin Wright Can Dance! (WATCH) She's Back! See Paris Hilton's New Carl's Jr. Ad Big Weekend For Atlanta Braves In Cooperstown - @TheBuzzeronFox Chapter Two: Becoming a first-time director What's Got Jack Black Freaking Out at Comic-Con? Doctors Remove 232 Teeth From Teen's Mouth
Parade
Magazine

Click HERE to read all your Parade favorites including Hollywood Wire, Celebrity interviews and photo galleries, Food recipes and cooking tips, Games and lots more.
  • -

     

    March 12, 2010

activity