News From Terre Haute, Indiana


September 22, 2013

YOUR GREEN VALLEY: Midwest cities changing ordinances to allow chicken raising

As Americans become more disconnected from the farm, we lose our understanding of where our food comes from. Eating locally and naturally has countless health benefits. To combat the growing epidemic, Champaign, Ill., is in the process of adopting an ordinance that will allow residents to have backyard chickens. Across the state line in Terre Haute, having chickens in an area, unless zoned agricultural, is illegal.

“If a property owner has chickens in the city limits and the property is not properly zoned, the Building Inspection Department typically gives the owner a warning to remove the chickens within a certain time frame,” said Terre Haute city attorney Chou-il Lee. “If the property owner fails to comply, the property owner would be issued a citation to appear in City Court for an ordinance violation. The owner could be fined up to $300 a day, each day the violation continues.”

The backyard chickens discussion came to city officials’ attention in Champaign, when they began working on their first environmental sustainability plan last year. Through the process of developing a plan, they focused on some themes that should be addressed. One of those was local food and agriculture.

Through a series of study groups, it was determined that if they were really going to be serious about the issue, then they should change their ordinance to allow backyard chickens, said Champaign city planner Lacey Rains Lowe. Public support poured out at a city council meetings.

Drafting the ordinance

Lowe jokes that she knows more about chickens than she ever wanted to. In order to get to the draft ordinance the city has today, it took finding out what communities across the United States were already doing. Champaign first looked at its current zoning ordinance to figure out what it did and did not want to allow. After some lengthy discussion, the city decided to limit fowl to chickens only.

The City of Champaign knew it didn’t want its regulations to be as relaxed as Lawrence, Kan., which would allow up to 25 birds per lot; therefore Champaign has leaned closer to Evanston, Ill.’s more restrictive ordinance of limiting property owners to four hens. The majority of the research collected came from a query the city put out to the American Planning Association, and Madison, Wis., who were pioneers in reinstating backyard chickens more than a decade ago.

“Because we are in some ways late to the party, we get to benefit from the experiences that all of these other communities have gone through. In that way, it really benefited us to be late to the party,” Lowe said.

In almost every ordinance Champaign city officials looked at, roosters were not allowed, because their crow can be obnoxiously loud, which in turn can cause heaps of noise complaints.

In comparison, hens’ loud clucking, or broadcast clucking, is used by the chickens to alert the flock of potential danger or to mark the arrival of a newly laid egg. Most hens will only broadcast cluck about once per day.

If sound is a concern, in comparison, chickens’ decibel levels pale in comparison. A typical human conversation is at 60dB, loud broadcast clucking reaches 70dB, an average dog bark is between 60-100dB and a Harley Davidson Motorcycle ranges between 80-125dB.

Chickens are social animals, so many of the codes Champaign reviewed required no fewer than two chickens with a limit of four to six hens. To allow for healthy chickens, the coop can be no smaller than four square feet per chicken, and the run must be eight square feet per chicken. The coop must also be five feet from the property line and 25 feet from neighboring homes, to prevent complaints of coop odors.

“One of the things we would like to include in our code is that the chickens would be allowed to exercise outside of the run, if they are within a fenced back yard, with a fence higher than six feet so they can’t leap out,” Lowe said.

Benefits of chickens

Chickens eat table scraps, therefore reducing the number of pounds of wasted food thrown into the trash and sent into the city sewers via garbage disposal. Hens lay eggs which provide a local source of protein.

Chickens are natural pest control agents. They eat unwanted insects and grubs, including mosquitoes, biting flies and Japanese beetles.

Chickens will not become a problem for the Humane Society, unlike cats, dogs, rabbitsand all other allowable pets. There is no such thing as a useless chicken, as it can exist as a human’s pet or as dinner.

The wide variety of breeds of chickens provides potential owners the ability to select sizes and temperaments of birds appropriate for any yard or neighborhood.

“A number of the families we have talked to said they are trying to close their loop by producing as much of their food as they can for themselves without adding transportation costs and concerns over factory farms,” Lowe said.

In addition, Champaign has found that people are finding it a communal experience. Neighbors are asking to see their chickens, and in the end igniting the neighborly connection once again. Champaign City officials are looking to have the ordinance adopted with enough time for folks to order specialty chicks in the mail before spring hatching season begins.

Jane Santucci is an environmental freelance writer for the Tribune-Star. Santucci is a proud volunteer with TREES Inc. and Our Green Valley. She also sits on the Wabash Valley Goodwill Industries Board of Directors. Share your environmental stories and tips with her at

Text Only | Photo Reprints
Latest News Poll
AP Video
Captain of Sunken SKorean Ferry Arrested Raw: Space X Launches to Space Station Raw: Fire Destroys 3 N.J. Beachfront Homes Raw: Students Hurt in Colo. School Bus Crash Man Charged in Kansas City Highway Shootings Raw: Magnitude-7.2 Earthquake Shakes Mexico City Raw: Massive 7.2 Earthquake Rocks Mexico Raw: Church Tries for Record With Chalk Jesus Deadly Avalanche Sweeps Slopes of Mount Everest Raw: Pope Presides Over Good Friday Mass Drought Concerns May Hurt Lake Tourism Superheroes Descend on Capitol Mall Raw: Faithful Celebrate Good Friday Worldwide Anti-semitic Leaflets Posted in Eastern Ukraine Vermont Goat Meat Gives Refugees Taste of Home Obama Awards Navy Football Trophy Police Arrest Suspect in Highway Shootings Today in History for April 18th Mayor Rob Ford Launches Re-election Campaign Calif. Investigators Re-construct Fatal Bus Cras
NDN Video
Jabari Parker's Top 5 Plays From Duke Career Kourtney Kardashian Is a Bikini Babe More Manpower Than Ever Expected At 4/20 Rally Debunk'd: Miley Cyrus AIDS, Cheeseburgers Cause Cancer, Military Warning Bill Previewing the NBA playoffs Raw: Orthodox Christians Observe Easter Rite My name is Cocaine Raw: Space X Launches to Space Station Lohan Gets Candid About Her Sex List The 2014 New York Auto Show Meet Johnny Manziel's New Girlfriend Chelsea Clinton Announces Pregnancy Funny: Celebrating Easter with Martha Stewart and Friends Man Accuses 'X-Men' Director Bryan Singer of Sexually Abusing Him As a Teenager Man hit with $525 federal fine after he doesn't pay for soda refill Lea Michele & Naya Rivera Feuding? Jabari Parker declares for the NBA draft Singing Nun Belts Out Cyndi Lauper New West, Texas Explosion Video Swim Daily, Throwback Thursday

Click HERE to read all your Parade favorites including Hollywood Wire, Celebrity interviews and photo galleries, Food recipes and cooking tips, Games and lots more.
  • -


    March 12, 2010